It is inevitable that there will be conflicts with shareholders at some point in the management of the company. No matter how well you know your shareholder, whether he is a family member, friend or business partner, it is best to have a shareholder pact that you can refer to in the event of a conflict in your business relationship. In addition, a shareholder contract is a private agreement and there is no obligation to submit it to the companies. There is therefore a great deal of confidentiality in what is contained in the terms of the shareholders` agreement. It is always very common for demanding investors to use a shareholder contract, especially when there are several companies that enter into a joint venture. [name of the company under the shareholder contract] is registered in England and Wales under the number [insert company number] with its head office under [insert address] (company); and a shareholder pact should be, for the most part, the cornerstone of any business project between founders and partners. In addition, a restraining clause may be included in a termination agreement to protect the company`s good revaluation and to prevent a shareholder who leaves the company from competing with the company, taking customers and benefiting from the company`s knowledge and experience. As a general rule, a restraining clause in a termination agreement prevents a shareholder for the duration of the contract and for a specified period after the end of the contract: in the context of shareholder contracts for limited companies, the issue of quantifying the loss can be difficult. If there is no stock market, the loss suffered by a shareholder as a result of non-compliance with another shareholder under the agreement may be difficult to calculate, first assuming that the loss of the value of the stock is the right way to test lost expectations. Beyond the data protection element, companies with complex decision-making mechanisms designed to protect the interests of multiple shareholders can benefit from a bargaining advantage to a potential party that reads the Constitution because of the awareness of the internal power dynamics of the company. It is a good practice for a company to adopt new by-law when a shareholder contract is entered into so that the articles comply with the terms of the shareholders` agreement. In addition, issues such as stock issues and share transfers, board meetings and shareholder meetings are often best dealt with in the company`s by-law and not in the shareholders` pact, as the terms of office are automatically binding on all members, unlike shareholder contracts which are binding only on the parties to the shareholder contract.